Invasive Species



Invasive Species

What do the zebra mussel, purple loosestrife plant and the Asian long-horned beetle all have in common? They are all invasive species. The National Invasive Species Council defines an invasive species as "a species that is non-native to the ecosystem under consideration and whose introduction causes or is likely to cause economic or environmental harm or harm to human health." The New York State Invasive Species Task Force has accepted that description but also states that an invasive must be a non-native species that causes more harm then benefit.

An invasive species can be in the form of an animal, insect, plant or pathogen. These species have the ability to become invasives because of certain traits they possess. These traits include fast growth, rapid reproduction and tremendous flexibility in the environments which they can thrive and the types of foods that can sustain them. These non-native invasive species have entered new territory through a multitude of pathways. As goods are imported and exported there can occasionally be hitchhikers, such as an invasive species. According to the Environmental Protection Agency the common ways invasive species are introduced is through the discharge of ballast water, on boat hulls, on fishing gear, aquaculture escapes, escaped ornamental plants, vehicular transport, and many more. Regardless of how invasive species get established it is important to understand the damage they can cause, what they look like and what can be done to mitigate their impact.

The Problem with Invasive Species

As a resident in the Finger Lakes, you may be asking yourself why you should be concerned about invasive species. According to the New York Invasive Species Council, invasive species affect the lives of all New Yorkers and we pay a significant price to deal with them. Invasive species damage our crops and infrastructure, cause power failures, food and water shortages, harm the environment, and cause human and livestock diseases. For example, controlling Asian long-horned beetles in New York City and Long Island has cost between $13 million and $40 million per year since 1996. Zebra mussels have caused hundreds of millions of dollars worth of damage since their introduction in 1988. When focusing on sensitive areas like Keuka Lake, there are some specific harmful impacts from invasive species. To examine these specific negative impacts and how the invasive species make this happen refer to the table entitled "Potential Negative Impacts on Keuka Lake from Invasive Species". For more detailed information on invasive species, go to: http://nyis.info/Default.aspx

Complete List of Invasive Species Content

NEW INVASIVE: SPOTTED LANTERN FLY
Spotted Lanternfly (SLF) has been seen in Yates County. It is an invasive pest from Asia that primarily feeds on the tree of heaven but can also feed on a wide variety of plants such as grapevine, hops, ornamental and hardwood trees, and others.
What can you do to help?
- Learn more about SLF and how to identify it (see included DEC fact sheet)
- SLF spread primarily through human activity by hitching a ride, so inspect outdoor items for egg masses before traveling
- If you visit states with SLF (see factsheet), inspect vehicles & equipment and gear before leaving
If you believe that you have found SLF:
- Take pictures of the insect, egg masses, and/or signs of infestation
- Note the location
- Email information to the DEC (see factsheet)
- Report infestation to iMapInvasives (see factsheet)
- Contact your local Cornell Cooperative Extension office for more information or questions:
Laura Bailey, Natural Resources/Invasive Species/Watershed Educator, (315) 536 â�" 5123
For more information: https://www.dec.ny.gov/docs/lands_forests_pdf/slffs.pdf

Emerald Ash Borer
Not a water quality threat, but an environmental threat!

Invasive Species Overview

Hydrilla Alert Sept. 9, 2011
Hydrilla (Hydrilla verticillatum) has been found in the Cayuga Inlet in the City of Ithaca.
This is a very highly invasive aquatic plant that was first found in New York State in 2008, but has not been seen in any other waterbody north of Orange County and Long Island.

Exotic Fish Disease Found in New York Lakes

Water Chestnuts

To Preserve and Protect Keuka Lake